History of India's cities!

 Although India itself is a history, but today we are going to talk about some cities of India. Those who have sat down to cherish some special history. For example, in 2010, the city of Ahmedabad became 600 years old. The birthday of that city was also celebrated in that happiness. In fact, the city of Ahmedabad was established by Sultan Ahmed Shah in 1411. Although in reality this city was a city named Ashaval which existed since the 11th century. Well this thing happened in Ahmedabad, today we are going to talk about some such cities of India.


01 India's oldest city


Bhubaneswar

The oldest city of India is Bhubaneswar in Odisha. Which is called Temple Town of India. At one time there were more than 1000 temples of amazing workmanship in Bhubaneswar. But during the Mughal period many temples were denied. In the end, as many as 600 temples survived. Some of the temples built after the establishment of Bhubaneswar are more than 1400 years old. The most magnificent temple is the 54 meter high Tribhuvaneshwar i.e. the God of the three worlds. The city was named after him. There are another 50 small shrines in the 22,500 square meter courtyard of Tribhuvaneshwar!


02 History of Surat


Surat

Before 1496, the present-day Surat city did not exist. While the merchant business ran extensively in Rander, three kilometers away. Where goods were sent abroad. At the end of the fifteenth century, the Anavali or Nagar Brahmin named Gopi came to the place where Surat city was about to settle in time. And Gopi was going to be its founder. Here he wanted to do business. So built a small house for the first settlers. Later, some businessmen were called from Rander and the entire expansion was established. Today's name of that area is Gopipura! When he built a pond in the name of his wife. This expansion did not develop much as most traders were not ready to leave Rander. After some time, the Portuguese chieftain of Antonio the Silvera attacked and attacked Rander twice in turn. Then the businessman Gopi went to the bus. Then Surat started to take shape. Later in 1609, Briton. The East India Company built its first kothi in Surat. However, Gopi had preferred another name for Surat instead of 'Surat' - Suraj! Because the one who worshiped Surya was a Brahmin. He met the Sultan to get the naming approval. Surajpur was also pleasured with Suraj during most of the meeting. The Sultan was ready to approve the label in the manner in which Muslim suzerainty is expressed. The sun finally became Surat! The word changed after the long Muslim rule and Surat became Surat.


03 History of Jaipur


Jaipur

Rajputana had a king's fort on the hill named Amber during the 17th century. If the palace was called, then the palace was the same. Because it was not safe to live on the plains of the land in view of the frequent invasions of the Mughals. After the disintegration of the Mughal Empire in 1727, the then king of Amber, Maharaja Jai ​​Singh II, decided to build a second city in the plain near that hill. The problem was that there was no respite in the state for dam work and there were no sand stones. The neighbors were in the state but Jaisingh's relations were not good with him. Eventually, the city was built with a stone named Quartize. Due to which it became a little fix Years later, when Prince Edward of England came to India to meet in 1883, Jaipur was also on his journey. At that time, Raja Ramsingh of Jaipur painted the entire city with pink color as a pre-preparation! By the way, even white color could be applied, but it could stun the prince's eyes. At that time, there was also Tantri Stanley of The Times of India. He later wrote this meeting in his book in 1905, when he used the word pink city for Jaipur. However, Jaipur was never completely pink in color. Some ancient architecture was painted pink. The rest of the soil is brown or discolored. Stanley had just called Jaipur a pink whistle in the regional language, very few people know.


04 History of Amritsar


Amritsar

According to the legend, in order to bring consciousness to Bhima, who was unconscious during the battle in the field of Kurukshetra, some jojan was brought on Bhima by fetching water from the distant lake. Valmiki and Ved Vyas also stayed in the quiet expanse around that lake. After 1738, the Mughals filled the holy lake with mud. It was dug again in 1762 but the assailants contaminated it with garbage. Not only that, by using gunpowder there was a lot of damage to the place of religion. ! Today the city is located around the city whose name is Amritsar! Which is also of Amritjal lake. Among which is the Suvarna temple! In 1577, Arjun Dev, the fourth Guru of Shikho, described the water of the lake as nectar. When the Mughal emperor Jahangir was not tolerant of Shikh, he killed Arjun Dev. While Aurangzeb had decapitated Guruteg Bahadur. After 1738, the city of Amritsar came under the control of the Mughals. Every yatru who went to visit the Suvarna temple was sentenced to death. Ten years later Shikho again won Amritsar. By the way, the British wanted to convert that temple into a church, by destroying the temple, they also built a slaughterhouse there. Shikho protested against this impudence, fought. Finally in 1925, all the British gave the reference of Suvarna temple to the Shiromani Gurdwara Prabandhak Committee!

05 Mumbai


Mumbai

Celtia or Badami fish is found in the Arabian sea on the west coast of India, whose local name Bombay Duck was referenced and the British named Mumbai. By the name, someone would consider him to be a duck in Mumbai!


Years ago, Mumbai city was not there at that time. Mumbai was only a fishermen's colony. There were 7 islands away from each other. The goddess of fishermen was Mumbadevi. Which was the local goddess of the islands. It was fish, in Marathi, it was called bombil. She is called Bumla in Gujarati. Foreigners converted this bombay to Bombay. And from this Bombay, today's Mumbai!


06 History of Kashi


Kashi Vishwanath

Lord Curzon, Viceroy of the British Raj, in 1902, the choice of Allahabad as a reference point to underline Indian Standard Time became controversial. Because Hindu subjects were opposed to that city. There was also opposition to the extent that 15000 people gathered in the meeting held on that subject. The Hindus used to be in the name of that city. Hindus considered the city 135 km away from Allahabad to be sacred. They wanted to make it a reference point. Which was Kashi i.e. Varanasi!


The Kashi, situated on the Varana and Asi rivers, was a favorite of Hindus. He was founded by a king named Banar. Which is also known as Banaras. A hundred and fifty hundred years ago, the elderly Hindus used to spend their last years of life in Benares to attain salvation. It is said that it is only when one lives in the last time near the Vishwanath temple built between the boundary of Kosi Marg that it gets salvation. However, in 1905, the British preferred Allahabad for Standard Time!


07 State to rename 300 cities simultaneously


Kerala

In 1980, the Kerala government, which was turning towards communism, gave Malayalam form to English names to erase the remaining remnants of British imperialism. Trivandrum to Thiruvananthapuram, Kozhikode for Calicut. While Alappuzha of Alleppey and Thrissur of Thrissur!


08 History of Pune


Puna was actually a game discovered in the 1870s. Which was called poona. While throwing the marigold flowers face to face in the garden, it was thought that instead of a delicate flower, the strong feathers of the bird should be used. The counterfeit instrument was used in this game to kill the beggar. Cocked wings! Which was played according to shuttling. The flower that was to come was named Shlatluk! This new game was called Puna in India. British went to England and made its rules! The first match was later played in badminton at the Duke of Beaufort's Parganas in Galvestershire. But according to nature, the British put more emphasis on badminton instead of Pune and badminton became a sport. Which was really Puna!


09 Establishment of first English businessman mathak.


Calcutta

The prevailing idea is that the British of East India Company had found the first Indian state in Bengal under the leadership of Robert Clive. However, the reality is completely different. In 1640, a fort named Madras Fort was built there by taking over land in Madras. When Clive was not even born, in 1757, a senior employee of the East India Company founded the merchant mathak on the banks of the Hooghly River in Bengal. Which was the beginning. Considered to be the founder of Calcutta and the British employee of the year, who took 20 pounds of celery was Job Charnock!


According to today's calendar, he opened the Merchant Center in September 3, 1690. The front edge was the center of the Portuguese. Franco also opened the center at Chandranagar. In 1693 Job died. Chornokkite known as the same was made from granite rock. Today that monument is said to be the oldest architecture in Calcutta.


10 twin cities of India


City of twins

Delhi - New Delhi, Jamshedpur - Tatanagar, Kulu - Manali, Navsari - Jalalpur, Tirupati - Tirumala, Bharatpur - Keoladeo, Hyderabad - Secunderabad, Mathura - Vrindavan, Lakhimpur - Khedi, Nashik - Devlali and Somnath - Patan are twin cities of India! Which were different at first but became one with the expansion!

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